Why Elon Musk, Facebook and MIT Are Betting On Mind-Reading Technology
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Why Elon Musk, Facebook and MIT Are Betting On Mind-Reading Technology


So, if we really could
have an interface with a computer, with an
artificial intelligence that could read our minds, you
can imagine a case in which we could
be immortal. But that would completely
change humanity and what it means
to be human. Merging the human brain
with a computer would truly change our
species forever. Researchers are developing
technology that can transfer data between computers
and our brains, and even read
people’s minds. For now, we have the
power to detect brainwaves and track electrical pulses
within the neurons in our brains, and researchers
are using this information, however vague,
to aid the differently abled and make
life easier for everyone. Among these
researchers is 16-year-old Alex Pinkerton. Really, all that we’re
working on is a brain-computer interface
that utilizes graphene, and hopefully if
our math is correct, it’ll be sensitive enough
to read the magnetic fields of human thought. It was in the 1970s
that the Department of Defense first started funding
brain-computer interface research. That market is
expected to reach a value of $1.72 billion by 2022. Big players like Elon
Musk and Facebook have teased their entrance into
the market, while other companies are showing
their work in action, like CTRL Labs,
who created a wristband that measures electrical pulses
from the brain to the neurons in a person’s
arm allowing them to control a computer. New and exciting research
is pouring out of universities like MIT and
the University of California in
San Francisco. So, what is
a brain-computer interface? It’s a way in which
a computer can take information directly from the
brain without you having to type or speak
it in and translate that into some kind of action. That’s what Pinkerton is
working on; a connection between the brain and a
device, like your phone or a prosthesis. He was first inspired by
his dad who works on clean energy. My dad came in to talk to
our class when I was in third grade about graphene, just
to give a little presentation. I’m not sure why,
but that sort of sparked my interest and I
had just been thinking of like, why isn’t this
being used everywhere if it’s like the
perfect material? And so I started thinking
of applications, and at first it was mainly, like,
for the military or something. Now, it’s sort
of focused away from that and to,
well, the brain-computer interface and, like, VR
maybe, super immersive VR. Obviously it could
help the disabled. Pinkerton is the co-founder
and CEO of Brane Interface. For the past few
years, he has been spending his holiday breaks
and the occasional weekend in his dad’s lab
working on his graphene brain-computer interface. I was just at my dad’s
office after school and we used a program called Math CAD
just to type in a bunch of numbers to
fit the characteristics of graphene for a
brain interface. And at first it wasn’t
working, and so we just kept tweaking and tweaking
and tweaking until it finally was able to get
to the low magnetic fields of human thought. Graphene is an almost
impossibly thin layer of carbon only a
single atom thick. We’ve finished two
prototypes that haven’t utilized graphene, it’s just
Mylar, which is basically just
Saran Wrap. The first prototype can reach
10 to the minus three Tesla, second type 10
to the minus 6. So, really nowhere near. But this new graphene
prototype that’s about halfway done, if our math
is correct, we’ll be able to reach 10 to the
minus 15, which is the level of human thought that we
need to have for a successful brain
interface. The goal is to
have a computer-brain interface that is small enough to fit
in an earbud or the inside of a hat that
will allow users to use thoughts to control
physical devices, like playing music on their phones
or to control a prosthesis. People know that it could
be used for all these amazing things, but they
really haven’t found the killer application and I
think that’s what we’ve done. His goal is to keep
the costs down so the technology can be
available to anyone. Right now, a lot of
brain interface technology is super cumbersome, inefficient
or expensive, so we’re hoping to get all
three of those things sort of out of the way. It’s basically, it can fit
in earbud, it can read the magnetic fields of
human thought with no problem and it’s
relatively inexpensive. You can imagine how good
that could be for disabled people. They could move robotic arms
just by wearing the earbuds and thinking about
it, instead of having, well, basically their skull
opened up and electrodes put on
their brain. Elon Musk’s version of
this technology might be one of those
skull-opening options. Neuralink, a company co-founded
by Musk, is working to add a digital
“third layer above the cortex that would work
well and symbiotically with you.” The purpose of Neuralink
is to create a high-bandwidth interface to the
brain such that we can be
symbiotic with A.I. The Neuralink website has been
little more than a list of job applications for
a while, and it update has been teased
as “coming soon” for months. But this
technology would supposedly require invasive surgery. What is seems that they’ve
done is they’ve taken rats, and they’ve implanted this
kind of grid of electrodes, but they’ve done
it using a technique that they call, like,
a sewing machine which seems to, like, put
these electrodes in really, really quickly, because you
have to be really specific when you
plant these electrodes. But ultimately, what it seems to
be for is a way of, sort of linking brain
activity in these rats to some kind of a
computer and possibly to each other. And the envelope keeps
getting pushed further. A recent breakthrough at
the University of California in San
Francisco showed how researchers can read the
brain’s signals to the larynx, jaw, lips and
tongue, and translate them through a computer
to synthesize speech. And in 2018, MIT revealed
their Alter Ego device, which measures neuromuscular signals
in the jaw to allow humans to
converse in natural language with machines simply
by articulating words internally. But how can
you recognize certain brainwaves? How can you
filter out the “play music” command over the
constant noise of thoughts and brainwaves? So, when someone says they
have a tool measuring brainwaves, the first thing I
want to ask is, “how do you know
they’re actually brainwaves, as opposed to just some
electrical changes that happen from the
head and neck?” Like, for example, from
the cranial nerves, the nerves that innervate the head
and neck and help you blink, or, you know,
feel your face, because the signals from deep inside
the brain are harder to get at. See, in the examples
from the University of California in San Francisco
and MIT, both studies focused on computers working
out a person’s intentions by matching brain
signals to physical movements that would usually
activate in a person’s vocal tract
or jaw. They’re using signals that
would usually trigger muscles to simulate what
the body would do. The deep, internal thoughts
and processes within our brain are
still quite elusive. Let’s say that we’re trying
to create a device that allows us to play
music from our Sonos or some speaker system in
our house, right? So, how I would imagine
telling the Sonos to do that versus how someone
else would might be pretty different. But you could train me
to do it. And that is
exactly Pinkerton’s intent. And you can kind of
teach, almost teach the brain to do specific things
over and over again. Now, this is not
entirely new information. We’ve been hooking brains up
to machines to read electrical activity since
the 1920s. And brain-computer
interfaces? These are tools that people
been working on since the 1970s and, you know, there
are still a lot of hurdles in terms of
making them commercially available. For a lot of
these tools, you actually need to sit very still
and you to keep very still. And so that doesn’t
have a lot of real world applications, so I
think that that limitation is something that
a lot of engineers really are facing, is how
do you continue to distinguish signal from noise
when the person is moving? That’s a major problem,
but I feel like in the last 10 years,
there’s been a lot more interest in terms of
commercial companies trying to create a product that
allows this to happen. So, you know an example
is virtual reality, I think that is a pretty clear
way in which a BCI might be helpful. Brane Interface said it
has been approached by several technology and
investment companies, but plans to finish its
prototype later this year before seeking
those opportunities.

100 thoughts on “Why Elon Musk, Facebook and MIT Are Betting On Mind-Reading Technology

  1. You still wouldn't be immortal. You'd only leave behind a simulation of yourself. You're still dead.

  2. If Google and Facebook are part of these things I want no part of it. You would let the people that manipulate and lie and be deceptive with your current life link into your brain? You deserve everything bad that comes with that if you're all for those companies producing these things.

  3. This should scare the hell out of us all. These researchers should be rounded up and incarcerated. We are designing our demise. This should not stand.

  4. I think a lot of comments here aren't understanding this technology. It can't read and understand your thoughts. It can take instructions from your brain which you will have to learn how to give. It could fix disabilities by re-attaching neurons or allowing the user to control robotics. Calm down conspiracy theorists.
    The intenton is good. It will not change who we are.

  5. The girl at 5:30 is spreading misinformation trying to make it sound bad, also the dude calls it invasive, watch Elon and them describing it, it isn’t “invasive” at all

  6. Transferring data from the computer to the brain? We already have that. Reading people’s minds? I don want to.

  7. So what's going on? Are we all so collectively excited about companies developing mind reading tech that will absolutely, without any doubt, be used against us?
    … it's like watching the sheep to the slaughter

  8. I'm not so worried about my mind being read or my data being gathered as I am about the readers attempting to make me their b*t*h.

  9. The future is already mapped out. The past is implanted through school systems. You will get old and you will be young again. The wheel will keep turning.

  10. Why i would fabricate robots ? If i can control humans, and they can reproduce by them self for free, all i need is to make some pasta with all the nutrients. Economic?

  11. Use your innate intelligence to tap into the organic Truth of reality itself, without technology. Just do it, its more fulfilling. It takes dedication and awareness of emotional feeling. A lot of this is trying to recreate the profound direct experience of Organic Truth, and is a result of ignorantly thinking that the answers to life are separate from our fundamental self.

  12. This exist and it’s called remote neural monitoring. People are being targeted with gangstalking everywhere already.

  13. If you’re just getting into college you may want to look at a college that teaches pen (white hat hacking) testing. I can see salaries for this being insane for this particular application.

  14. The kid has the right idea.

    Elon Musk is talking big with his magical miniature electrode wires and small cuts but forgets to add that the technology is invasive. It does not cause much damage, but the results are not as spectacular as the masters and commanders are currently claiming… to get further funding. Check out Dr. Philip Kennedy's relatively recent experiment on his very own brain, he is really one of the experts not some nouveau riche spoiled billionaire who tries to drum up venture capital.

    Some day, President Trump does not have to use Twitter, he just think up some nonsense and the deserving few who have the right receivers implanted can directly and instantly sense his brain signals.

  15. But further . . It is wireless . . Like wireless telephones. Why bother inserting anything physical into the brain?

  16. Your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not you could, that you didn't stop to think about whether or not you should

  17. World leaders want to push AI for we could elevate our existence to be invited into a galactic empire that we are not aware of at this point. We humans are quite violent and do not meet that standards to be in this galactic community so apparently we need AI for we could be controlled and peaceful with these elevated entities but how pathetic is that ? We need to believe in our self and make this world peaceful ourselves without the help of AI.

  18. With A.I. technology increasing exponentially, we are on the journey becoming a god. If… this can actually work.

  19. 3:56 — "they haven't found the KILLER application and I think that's what we've done." …….Wrong choice of words buddy, revealing the truth, huh?

  20. I absolutely don't think this will work, or be able to read minds or control us in anyway. At the very most the device itself will be able to interact with an outside computer, but cannot interact with our thoughts, and emotions, etc. Something like this being inside our body can cause all kinds of problems. I definitely will not allow anything like this in my brain.

  21. Thats the end of humanity. Beginning of huge competition. Mass manipulation, and ofcourse mankind will do it to its self 🙁

  22. Only Engineers With best equipment neuro-link etc. will pass interiews. With acess to all data: maths etc. They will spend Money for that "invest in them self". Rest of us will be jobbless, couse all will take AI. Not in far future.

  23. how hard is it to control a simple mind filled with history revision, science deniers, and rigged goog searches?
    Is this the latest pavlov experiment?

  24. What if we were brought here by aliens from another planet who's sole purpose was to get us to this place? What if those aliens had to leave their planet because they had this technology and they couldn't control it? This is bananas!!!

  25. What do you get when you combine a computer and a millenial?
    A computer who gets super bored and spends all its time watching Pornhub

  26. Computer innovation 1999-2012: Contextual marketing algorhythms
    Computer innovation 2013-2030: The matrix

  27. "People know it can be used for all these amazing things but they haven't really found the killer application" 😱😱😱

  28. Now the only thing that's missing is that the computer can produce thoughts inside our brain aaand it's full immersive VR. 😆 i want it.

  29. Awesome to see private funds used for the benefit of the human race. Actually on the right track to open the world next to this one. Very impressive 🖤

  30. Elon Musk has invested some US$100 million of his own money into as far as I know, to turn humans into controllable technologically induced telepathic AI capable robots. This and the Internet of Things (IoT) are the real reasons why 5G is so important for the dark "elite", why they push so hard and move so fast.

    Fact is, more and more humans are Awakening to their own magnificent true Self and inherent natural "super powers", which do not and never have required technological alterations or "enhancements" of any kind within our minds or body vessels! We are perfect and complete precisely as we are and were each of us originally created. Whether we have forgotten this fact or not.

    And these monsters don't want us to remember. They want to shut down our minds and hearts so we don't remember in time to stop them and their controlling giant ego trip in its tracks. We mustn't let them. This is the time for humanity to break free and to remember!!

    So it is! Love is stronger! ❤

  31. Jesus coming Soon, Get Your Popcorn and watch all these brain chipped Fool's Minds be trapped in the cloud forever

  32. I’d trust Musk over Zuckerberg. I’ve no interest in Zuck selling my thoughts to the Chinese government. It makes me sick to think how he’s helping Jinping enslave the masses in his Celestial Dictatorship. No claps on the clap counter for Zuckerberg from me!

  33. People will create their new master and destroyer. Why do we push the limits of usefulness? Why do we need computers doing the thinking for us?

  34. So the beginning of the end came on the notion that people wanna go hands free with brain implants that allow you to use your "Android" devices with thoughts? So I can find my phone without anyone around me knowing that I lost it? Lazy shxt!

  35. We can talk without speaking from Human to Human by connecting device from our brain to machine and then machine to another brain for communicating so that message will go from brain to machine and from machine to another brain…

  36. These people keep saying they want to make life better for everyone without having done it already.

    people are still homless, starving and dying.

    ???

  37. SIR!!! YOU ARE ARRESTED BY THE USA GOVERNMENT FOR HAVING THOUGHTS OF KILLING THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY AND FOR HAVING PREMEDITATED NOT FULFILLED YET ACTIONS. THE JUDGE ON THIS MATTER HAVE A SENTENCE FOR YOU OF 25 YEARS IN PRISON.

  38. If you want real telepathy without junk technology frying your brain and recording everything about you in central control systems of the corporate government. meanwhile. Start learning here. It actually works.
    https://youtu.be/qiUqSrIHqy4

  39. This is Satanism. Mind reading is forbidden according to Deuteronomy 18. Mind nudity, telepathy, telekinesis is forbidden and is mind nudity. It is soul whoredom to Lucifer, and is eating of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Only Jesus has the right to see the thoughts inside the mind, because He died for the sins of the minds. What are these companies doing?

  40. What an interesting topic. Our species is possibly a half century or longer away from being able to parse the neurosynapses which underly a decided upon thought from the unfathomably numerous involuntary brain signals.

    Alex Pinkerton appears to be exploiting graphene in a way that is interesting. I do think that during or after college and/or university he may come to the realization that an external device which is meant for accurately reading a thought is, for this century at least, the stuff of science fiction. Charlatans make a killing out of neurotech which is more pseudoscience than science. Alex's repeated pronounements that his tech will be helpful to people who are physically challenged are disconcerting. He may not be doing so out of empathy but out of knowing where there is a lucrative and exploitable neurotech market. I might be just jealous and that he is in fact someone who cares about the hardships and challenges of others. So, ignore my brouhaha.

    Elon Musk's research is the most promising. But, I would leave out the speculative linking up with AI. It may be the it will be an AI which will need to be trained to be able to be a better tool and to respond to whatever the needs are and which arise as we go about our day to day activities and goals.

    Since there is always space for some speculative science, there may come a time where an artificial general intelligence will help to link itself with us.

  41. Your brain is perfect, the most powerful tool on earth. Don't devalue and cheapen it by highjacking it with tech. Nothing these elites do is for your betterment. Only for their advantage and control. Might as well just hand over your conscious individuality, freedom and privacy on a silver platter. At least get paid for all of your brain data and info that they will collect and sale.

  42. And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast (A.I.), that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as may as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed.
    And he causeth all both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand or in their foreheads.
    Nd that no man might buy or sell , save he had the mark or the name of the beast or the number of his name.
    – Revelation 13:15 – 17
    They say everytime "new" technology is rolled out is 10 years old or in the making.Sooooooo….2030????
    Remember ppl Jesus Christ is the light of the world, no man can enter heaven without receiving Him and without having a relationship with Him. -John 3:16-18
    And to the doubters and naysayers, you've gotta admit aint it a little strange that something written 2000 years ago by an old man on an island in a vision describes our near future to the T.
    At the very least, I invite you to read Revelations the last book in the Holy Bible for yourself…

  43. They can already read your tongues and throat, and theyre using it for investigations. They use big machines for it at the moment but theyre trying to make it smaller. Trust me they use it on people who they deem to be threats

  44. Beware!!! Please read this……………. Mind reading technology has been made where your
    government/corporate/others can spy on you and read your mind thoughts
    from satellite (a kind of technology where infrared radiations is being
    used to enter in your mind), where they don't even need to access
    anything at your home. It has been spread all over the world. Spread the
    message, it can be used as a weapon to destroy your country. People are
    already getting victim of this.

  45. Revelation 13:16 : ''And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark''. It's scary how this verse was written around 2000 years ago and today it's starting to make sense. We are going towards a cashless society, we will pay one day with a microchip in our hand when we go to the supermarket (mark in our hand). All our data will be in there for security reasons. Now, Elon announced this. Mankind merging with AI in our brain. Slowly this Bible prophecy about the end times is coming into action. God bless you all and I pray you will not be deceived by this system when the time comes.

  46. I am from Bangladesh. My brain was hacked by someone. I mean to say that every body will know my maind language. Like telepathy, like brain to brain communication. I DON'T know how they do it.

  47. They already have access to your thoughts and can stimulate your senses/thoughts/feelings from long distances. I have videos of this on my channel. They do it wireless, no chips or head wear. A lot of people are reporting on this. look up ella free on youtube

  48. Does anyone just stop and consider how absolutely insane, creepy, and dangerous this is? We need to start questioning the things that we are being given right now. These are extremely evil times we live in folks. Don't be decieved

  49. so you are in the third grade, your dad casually comes to your class and speaks about graphene, and you think about its applications in military…ok…ok son

  50. They're betting on it because they know it's already been built and it's already being used such as in Melbourne Floridathey're letting the whole town loose on a handicap with it and bragging about how good it works.

  51. I don't think there is a danger of computers controlling our minds. The more insidious is they molding our behaviours over long periods without us being aware.

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