Why Do India And China Have So Many People?
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Why Do India And China Have So Many People?


India and China, together, are home to over
2.7 billion people. That’s as many humans as in the next 20 most
populous countries combined, or in the whole other 170 countries in the world. Over the last 300 years, India and China each
added more than a billion people to their populations, way more than any other country,
but they have actually been growing at about the same rate as the rest of the world. They have a lot more people today because
they had a lot more people a few hundred years ago, when the world began its period of modern,
and rapid, population growth. It’s like comparing a big bank account and
a small one. If they both grow at about the same rate over
many years, the big one gains a lot more money, simply because it started with more. So the billion-dollar, er, billion-person
question, is why did India and China have so many people when they started their rapid
growth? We can’t know for sure, since so many variables
factor into long-term population dynamics, but the two most plausible explanations are
food and area. Having lots of fertile land and good access
to fresh water makes it possible to grow lots of food, which in turn makes it possible to
nourish a lot of people. Even today, the 10 most populated countries
in the world all have a relatively large amount of farmland. And Asia – and in particular south and east
Asia – has tons of farmland, lots of river valleys, and the ability to grow food year-round. Plus, domestication of plants and animals
essentially started in Asia, giving populations an early leg – or wing – up. As such, Asia’s been the most densely populated
region of the world for a really long time. Area matters too; countries like Pakistan
and Bangladesh may be filled with farms and densely-populated, but because they’re smaller
in area than India and China, they simply cannot contain as many people. Of course, a few other things happened in
India and China in the last few thousand years, and some of them helped the populations grow,
and some of them shrank the populations, but through it all, the large and fertile lands
of India and China were able to sustain lots of people, such that when the era of modern
population growth came around, they had a head start. Or rather, a hundred-million-head start. This video was sponsored by the University
of Minnesota, where students, faculty and staff across all fields of study are working
to solve the Grand Challenges facing society. The Minnesota Population Center is helping
demographic researchers explore past and current trends in world population, the Global Landscapes
Initiative is working to figure out how to keep feeding the world’s growing population
without harming the planet, and the IPUMS Terra project integrates global population
data with data on the environment to better understand how humans transform ecosystems,
and how ecosystems transform humans. Thanks, University of Minnesota!

100 thoughts on “Why Do India And China Have So Many People?

  1. Umm no. China encouraged its people to breed as much as possible during the reign of Mao to become stronger. It was only until relatively recently did they realize they went too far and implemented that one child only policy which only recently ended.

  2. 57% africa people is black 52% india people is black 20% south adn north america people is black 12%se asian is black

  3. It isn't rocket science. Of the largest countries in the world, the 3 countries whose lands are the most fertile are China, India….and USA! Canada and Russia are partially icebound. Australia, Algeria and Kazakstan are arid. Brazil is partially tropical rainforest. China, India and the US are served by the worlds longest and largest rivers. But China and India has at least a 3000 years head start of agriculture and domestication on the US. Interesting how the US is third post populated given its incredibly short history…this shows how fertile American land is!

  4. One of the World's first human civilizations started in India… World's first University, Oldest book, oldest religion, Science, astronomy, medicines, mathematics, literature, surgery, calculation and many more were first started in India…. India is the mother of human civilization and modern science…. Proud to be an Indian 😊😊😊😊

    😍 INDIA 😘

  5. One of the World's first human civilizations started in India… World's first University, Oldest book, oldest religion, Science, astronomy, medicines, mathematics, literature, surgery, calculation and many more were first started in India…. India is the mother of human civilization and modern science…. Proud to be an Indian 😍 INDIA 😘

  6. Isn’t it ironic the ugliest races on the plannet have the most sex and babies.. the Chinese and Indians.. yet the best looking people on earth the Northern Europeans have the smallest population. It’s upside down totally

  7. China us not crowded as India. China country size is 3 times of India. India 1.4 billion people then China should be 4.2 billion people

  8. Why? Because they used to have sex and marry their own relatives very young.So a mother in 30-35 with two doughters at 15 etc.
    Brazil, Canada, Russia are also big or bigger than India.It is the religion of India and the tradition and the chaos much more than the area

  9. The weather Nd the culture helps us to grow more in no. Here children lives with their parents till the life end. And never get detached from their family. To maintain the family heredity we takes more children!

  10. There are three things can be usefull to save the earth
    -dont do kids
    -be vegetarian
    -put the trash where it's supposted to be

  11. Quality not quantity lads. I won’t go to any country with such horrific overpopulation. When there is too many people the value of life decreases. Get the world population down to 3 million and I’ll happily come to India. Variety is the spice to life but so is SPACE. 3 million humans and we could all be lords.

  12. Those who are advertising condoms and making racist comments for India and China are nothing but dumb ass who should not have born but I think condom must have got teared and we have to face these idiots here.
    Facts for such people below

    1. This is not recent phenomena India and China are oldest continuous civilizations and always had half of the share of world populations from millenia
    2. Both have rich river networks and fertile plains which provided stable lifestyle thus congregation of humans from old time.
    3. India and china are huge land masses and some of it's states/ provinces are bigger than most of European countries.
    4. India ranks 102 and china 156 for average children/ woman which is quite low numbers
    http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/total-fertility-rate/

    First rubber condom produced in 1855
    I am sure those who are blabbering about condoms their great- grandparents/ ancestors must not have been using it then.
    Or by their logic should we assume that they were mostly impotent.
    If their comments are out of ignorance these are facts for you to get educated.
    If their intention was more racist. Then they are nothing more than dumb ass who should not have been born but born due to condom tear

  13. They used to be ablle to feed so many people, but now as they reached that high figures they have problems with famine and unequal distribution.

  14. Hmm. Exceedingly simplistic and incomplete. Why do a video if you are not going to be at least minimally thorough in explaining an issue.

  15. The video suggested that Mughal rule reduced some of India’s population, that’s incorrect, since all of population data since 100 AD shows the population growth during the Mughal era. Just thought I would put that since the video is sponsored by an academic institute, should’ve do better than that.

  16. So called Minorities in INDIA🇮🇳 (not all) won't allow us to implement 1 or even 2 child policy. They also get support from liberal minority appeaser POLITICAL PARTIES….
    .
    They would die with the shortage of resources, but want to increase their population equal to HINDUS…😢😢
    My Nation🇮🇳 will be destroyed.😢😢

  17. Because in India if you have small family the bigger family person will capture your land in villages so people purposely were making bigger family but now the scenario got changed because of education and prosperity in the society and that need to be brought in Muslims if India as well because they are still living into that dark age.

  18. .Forgot to mention because of their (overpopulation) India's (GDP per capita) is ranked 127th that's behind Nigeria and China is 47th that is behind Lebanon.

  19. At least China has their shit together. India is just a third world shithole full of call centers and way too many people. Instead of popping out kids, india should consider installing desalinization plants for clean water, but considering India's corruption, that won't happen. These plants would produce jobs.

  20. Uh hello I’m a chinese and I’m made in China but I’m in Malaysia why god I’m sad I miss you China why did this happen btw I’m moving back I know if I’m in China I would not be here in YouTube

  21. I don't think this video explained much. There are so many different reasons why India is the 2nd largest populated country in the world and more than the size of the country and it's agriculture based economy, illiteracy is the major cause. Also, reasons such as wanting a boy child adds to the problem and believe me there's vast majority of people who keep having baby until they finally have a boy.

  22. that's kind of not how it happened at all. There are many factors but it sure wasn't a steady growth rate. One reason is that they believed there would be another World War where they would be taking center stage, there hasn't been one yet but it doesn't matter what their population size is. They're still going to lose.

  23. China and India are the centers of civilization in the ancient world. Please live in peace, not be challenged by Europe and the United States, develop the economy, make people's lives better, and regain the glory of China and India.

  24. It might be the fact that Asian people are the least homosexual race on earth so that’s probably why they’re overpopulated.

  25. the rule is simple: the poorer the country, the less people need to have kids. China was poor and to large extent still is. All they needed to decide to have offspring was something to eat. In Africa people don't seem to need even food. So large population is simply a byproduct of thoughtless mating.

  26. The Modi government is completely dedicated to take population control measures but idk why liberals and Congress link that with Islam and dictatorship

  27. But that wealth didn't help as shortly after that, the British rule began which stole the diamonds or took it from india

  28. India and China just have the perfect things for a lot of people which requires a lot of food which if you didn't know,India has a little bit of evergreen forests at it's far East and it mostly has deciduous forests almost all over,some temperate ones a lil to the north and also a desert and mountain range. There were every land features in India and China which made a lot of different soil types for a large variety of crops and stuff which made people shift to India and rule india from Turkey,Pakistan,Iran,Iraq and especially Europe too which boosted it's population almost like a bullet and so here now India has invented special plant herb medicines,massage,oil that later was terraformed by Europeans to shampoo,chess,pen drives,the number 0 and also India has 1 million people that are millionaires despite being classified as a rural country.

  29. now: india and china have billions of people with a lot of farmland
    global warming: i am about to end this guy whole career
    Desertification intensifies!!!

  30. To all the people who say that India's fertility rate is the highest- no it is not.

    http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/total-fertility-rate/

    So, stop writing shit as if India's responsible for population and climate change. And watch the video before writing anything.

  31. The gangetic plains are the world's most fertile land …..So india had lot of population at the time population spurt occurred the previous century

  32. The 5 year old kids , 3000 Years back in India, China and Europe,

    India : Mom, Give me rice and Lentil soup.
    China : Mom, Give me Rice and Chicken Soup
    Europe: Rrrr, Rrr, Eating uncooked hunted meat.

  33. Why Do India And China Have So Many People?

    Because Those girls were raped,Fucked hard in the Anal and busted out like 10 children in one fucking day!!

  34. Hi, this is Kate from MinuteEarth. India and China together are home to over 2.7 billion people. That’s as many humans as in the next 20 most populous countries combined, or in the whole other 170 countries in the world.

    2 – Over the last 300 years, India and China each added more than a billion people to their populations — way more than any other country. But they have actually been growing at about the same rate as the rest of the world. They have a lot more people today because they had a lot more people a few hundred years ago, when the world began a period of modern and rapid population growth.

    3 – It’s like comparing a big bank account and a small one: if they both grow at about the same rate over many years, the big one gains a lot more money, simply because it started with more. So the billion dollar (or billion person) question is: why did India and China have so many people when they started their rapid growth?

    4 – We can’t know for sure since so many variables factor into long-term population dynamics. But the two most plausible explanations are food and area. Having lots of fertile land and good access to fresh water makes it possible to grow lots of food, which in turn makes it possible to nourish a lot of people.

    5 – Even today the 10 most populated countries in the world all have a relatively large amount of farmland. And Asia — and in particular south and east Asia — has tons of farmland, lots of river valleys and the ability to grow food year round. Plus, domestication of plants and animals essentially started in Asia, giving populations an early “leg”—or “wing”—up.¹

    6 – As such, Asia’s been the most densely populated region of the world for a really long time. Area matters too. Countries like Pakistan and Bangladesh may be filled with farms and densely populated, but because they’re smaller in area than India and China they simply cannot contain as many people. Of course, a few other things happened in India and China in the last few thousand years.

    7 – Some of them helped the populations grow and some of them shrank the populations. But through it all the large and fertile lands of India and China were able to sustain lots of people, such that when the era of modern population growth came around, they had a head start; or rather a hundred million head start.

    8 – This video was sponsored by The University of Minnesota where students, faculty and staff across all fields of study are working to solve the grand challenges facing society. The Minnesota Population Center is helping demographic researchers explore past and current trends in world population.

    9 – The Global Landscapes Initiative is working to figure out how to keep feeding the world’s growing population without harming the planet. And the IPUMS Terra Project integrates global population data with data on the environment to better understand how humans transform ecosystems and how ecosystems transform humans. Thanks, University of Minnesota.

  35. India's increasing population says" I m poor, uneducated, robbed, crushed, polluted, betrayed, divided, jealous, corrupt and many more… that's y, I m keep on growing until these things stop".

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