The Town That Facebook Built | The B1M
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The Town That Facebook Built | The B1M

This quiet corner of Menlo Park in California,
is home to the largest social network on earth. With an extensive campus, free food and drink,
arcade games, ball pits, the world’s largest open plan office, on site doctors and even
free dry-cleaning – the home of Facebook is unlike any other commercial headquarters. But what drove the development of this entire
new district and how did the social network’s HQ go from a Harvard dorm room to the vast
site it occupies today? This, is the story of the town that Facebook
built. From the original site going live in Mark
Zuckerberg’s Harvard dorm room in February 2004, Facebook has grown at an astonishing
rate – gaining thousands of users within just a few weeks of its launch, and now serving
1.4 billion active users every day. The site’s headquarters has resided in a
number of locations over the years. Dominating Zuckerberg’s Harvard room in its first few
months, he and his co-founders Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes rented a
small house in Palo Alto California over the summer of 2004 – with the intention of returning
to Harvard for the next semester. But a significant investment from Peter Thiel
saw Facebook move into their first official office on Emerson Street in downtown Palo
Alto that same summer – and enter a rapid new phase of growth. From there, the firm concurrently resided in a number of
different locations across Palo Alto, eventually consolidating into a large base at 1601 South
California Avenue in 2009. Around the turn of the decade, Facebook began
evolving from a social network used primarily by young people at schools, colleges and universities
– into a truly global platform with over 500 million users of all ages, across society. With its impact growing, 2010 saw the firm
open an engineering office in Seattle and break-ground on its first custom-built data
centre in Oregon. For its headquarters, Facebook eyed the former
Sun Microsystems campus in the Menlo Park region of Palo Alto. In December 2011, 2,000 Facebook employees
moved into 10 revamped buildings on the Sun Microsystems site – which is now known as
the firm’s East Campus. In designing the new work environment, Facebook
focused on how employee wellbeing could improve creative thinking, drive innovation and increase
productivity. Gone was the top-down structure of corporations
with the CEO based on the top floor of a skyscraper. The flat, spread out campus at Facebook’s
HQ made everyone feel equal. The private offices and cubicles that had
defined corporate workplaces since the 1920s were replaced with open plan offices, high
ceilings, communal break-out areas that fostered collaboration and a central courtyard linking
all of the campus buildings, encouraging movement throughout the day. The design of the campus – with buildings enclosing a secure central courtyard – made
it easy to collaborate and feel part of a community once you were on the inside. Externally the facility was surrounded by
car parking and was much more uninviting – a feeling I definitely encountered when I visited
in 2013. With its unprecedented growth rate, together
with the acquisition of Instagram and WhatsApp indicating that Facebook would soon out grow
even this site, plans were developed for a further expansion across highway 84 on what
would become known as West Campus. Designed by Frank Gehry, the first stage of Facebook’s USD $1BN headquarter expansion was the 433,000 square foot, 40,000 square
meter, MPK-20 which opened in March 2015. Located adjacent to the original campus and
just to the south of highway 84, the expansion houses a further 2,800 employees while an
underground tunnel back to the East Campus encourages movement and a feeling of community
among staff. Following the East Campus philosophy, the
focus of MPK-20 was to create an eco-friendly environment that brings people together. When first completed, the building was home
to the world’s largest open plan office – allowing Facebook to drive connections between its
team, as well as online. The LEED Gold certified building exceeds the
requirements of California’s strict energy code by 25%. All 1,499 parking spaces are located at ground
level, beneath the office, making effective use of space whilst preventing the car park’s
surface from accumulating heat. The building is topped by a nine acre, 36,000
square metre green roof containing over 400 mature trees, and over 100,000 native plants
which insulate the building, reducing overall heating and cooling costs. Recognising the effect that trees and the
natural environment have on productivity, employees are encouraged to work outdoors
– and the rooftop is equipped with WIFI, whiteboards and unique working spaces. Zuckerberg himself is known to enjoy walking
meetings and has given interviews to journalists whilst strolling across the expansive rooftop
park. In more recent times, Facebook has matured
to become an intrinsic part of our social fabric. Its team are now pioneering new ways to build
communities and connect people around the world whilst addressing numerous challenges
that didn’t exist before it was launched – such as the rise of fake news and the effects of excessive social media use on psychological well-being. With an expanding team, Facebook completed
its second headquarter expansion in June 2018. MPK-21, also designed by Gehry, connects to
the original MPK-20 via “The Bowl” a vast open landscaped space designed to further encourage interaction and collaboration amongst employees. At 524,000 square feet – or 48,000 square
metres – this latest expansion is even bigger than the record breaking MPK-20 and was built
in just 17 months, compared with the 22 month programme for MPK-20. Designed to achieve a LEED Gold certification,
MPK-21 includes many of the features of its neighbour together with a reclaimed water
system that saves over 77 million litres of water annually and 1.4 MW of solar panels
across its green roof. Containing a 2,000 person event space and
a simple single pathway traversing the length of the building, everything in MPK-21 takes
interaction and collaboration to the next level. With a planned pedestrian bridge over highway
84 connecting the campus to the parks of the nearby Bay Trail and an additional two-acre
park and plaza for Facebook festivals, the health and wellbeing of staff seemingly remains
at the forefront of Facebook’s facility plans. Indeed as the number of people working on
the vast campus approaches 10,000, Facebook are now developing plans to turn their corporate
headquarters into a fully-fledged community. Unveiled in 2017, plans for a vast Willow Campus are set to radically change the face of the wider
Menlo Park area. While Facebook has never shied away from large
scale projects, its Willow Campus takes things up a gear yet again. Working with OMA in New York, Facebook are
planning more than 1.75 million square feet of office space, 125,000 square feet of retail,
1,500 housing units – of which 15% will be sold below market value – a grocery and
a pharmacy as part of the expansion. Their goal is to create a vibrant and integrated
mixed-use village that will provide much-needed services – not only for Facebook’s growing
workforce but for the surrounding local community as well. Set to be developed in phases, the initial
office, housing and retail elements are set to open in 2021, and will be followed by subsequent
expansions through to 2023. By investing heavily in the area, Facebook
aims to improve transport links which have fallen well behind what is required for growth
in the region. In addition to its headquarter site, the firm
continues to custom-build its own data centres – such as this one cooled by Arctic air
in Sweden – alongside a network of offices in major cities around the world. From its continued expansions it is clear
that people are at the centre of Facebook’s working culture and that the social network
is challenging the established conventions of what a workplace should be. With the wealth of many tech-giants now exceeding
that of entire countries, the role they play in giving back to societies is under increasing
focus. While Facebook are the first to admit that
they are far from perfect – and even reflect this is some of the unfinished feel of their
office fit-outs – their headquarter campus in California demonstrates their desire to
care for their people and address their impact on the surrounding community. If you liked this video and want to get more
from the definitive video channel for construction, subscribe to The B1M.

100 thoughts on “The Town That Facebook Built | The B1M

  1. And now fb is filled with grandparents and censorship. No wonder it's losing people by the millions.

  2. Loving those Master Planned developments! It does make sense to think of the bigger picture, plan ahead and build something that will last and bring enormous value while respecting the environment! Bravo Facebook.

  3. This is communism, but with nuances… they seem to be happy, and why wouldn't you? Everything is paid for. But there's no room to advance, but why would you need to? You have free food, free housing, and free health care. China is a communistic country and, like another comment mentioned, a surveillance capitalism in some cities, but it doesn't fee like this. This feels like a big loop of the American Revolution back to the English monarchy, but with the food shortage figured out, and a loving King, but who will replace Mark Z? And does that person have all the power? There's your dystopia.

  4. 1 billion dollar expansion….
    I an’t an expert, but I know, With Certainty
    Your contractors ripped a hole in you wallet
    Then again, ya’ll got a trillion dollars

  5. Ten thousand Americans working hard at tearing the social fabric that keeps us America. Ten thousand people that work full time to enslave millions of innocent Chinese….very beautiful modern architecture though!:(

  6. Was this sponsored by Facebook?? PR bullsh#t. I would love to see a more nuanced and non-biased report about this expansion, particularly on the local market housing and the local community.

  7. Where are the statues of Zuckerberg licking Hilary Clinton’s clam and Obama’s marbles pouch ? Looks like a gay feminist leftist hippie poser town.

  8. Facebook fostered the spread of fake news. They parroted the mainstream media's lies (proven lies) and suppressed the truth and thus suppressed free speech. They violated their mission statement so many times one loses track. Look up the DARPA project Lifebook. It was shut down the exact same day that facebook went live in 2004 after years of development. Many of the engineers from Lifebook moved to facebook and some still work there. Mark Zuckerberg didn't create facebook or any of it's older prototypes. It would take millions of lines of code at roughly $25 per line to be ready to go live. All of it is a lie. Yes, it is a global social network but that is a cover for the digital spying that facebook does on all of its members. They sell our personal data for billions of dollars to hundreds of companies worldwide. They are spying on you right now. Pasty white zuckerberg is the liar in chief. A front man for an out of control Clowns in America. The company (you know who I mean) was heavily involved in the creation of Lifebook and now behind the scenes at Facebook. This video mentions "fake news" as a problem for facebook. What they really mean is that the truth is hurting the "Thinkspeak" (reference to George Orwell's book, 1984) of the mainstream media and the party line. It is illegal to speak against the party and its leaders, don't you know. President Trump (love the sound that) will bring true freedom back to the American people. Americans or anyone else cannot be free without privacy, digital or physical. The bill of rights makes it illegal to search or sieze any Americans personal effects or belongings by the government. Facebook violates this every day by searching our digital information. It used to be on paper back in the American Revolution. Just because it's digital now doesn't mean it doesn't belong to us or that it isn't protected by the bill of rights. Oh, they will say we consented for them to do this by agreeing to the EULA. But that digital contract (you selecting "I agree") falls apart under it intending to deceive. And that is what the text of the EULA does. It deceives.

  9. Its a shame to see all this.I was born and raised in this area.I lost my house and most residents that i grew up with me around Menlo park,or East Palo Alto are not employed with Facebook.I see White,Asian and indian,but very,very few African Americans.Shame,shame,shame.

  10. okay so it's like these people have never left college, tbh I'm not sure how healthy it is living like that

  11. Awesome 👍

    Once they used the word eco-friendly immediately came to mind: create a forest landscape surrounding and throughout this city 🙌 lest not forget the dying redroods not too far away. Let's counter our carbon footprint surge!!!

  12. OK, so Facebook prides itself on the egalitarian nature of the open office, unlike the hierarchical nature of hard-walled offices, cube-farms, and bull pens. Well, all that sounds great in theory; but is still predicated on the impossible idea that everyone works optimally in such an environment. My working life was in bull pens (e.g. open office) and cube farms. I couldn't stand it because of all the distractions from people going about their jobs. I would have loved to have had a hard-walled office with a door to shut out the din; but my job level didn't allow for it. At the beginning of my working life I worked nights since I was low man on the totem pole. I preferred working nights as it was quieter.

  13. I have no idea how open offices could "foster collaboration" if about everyone working inside hates them. Impossible to concentrate. Architects and CEOs do not have to work in those open offices themselves so they like the idea.

  14. Facebook is a company that is built on disrespect for human privacy, this is the core value of Facebook. Users paying for it could fix most of it's biggest problems, but that's not going to happen. "Move fast and break things" sounds inspiring, unless you realize that those "things" include your life.

  15. I wonder if they'll eventually decide to get into amusement parks. That would be the moment that Disney Co. decides they must be destroyed.

  16. Fuck Facebook I sense evilThey care about their employees mental health what about all the homeless people in California that would really affect my mental health and it does that’s why I don’t work at Facebook because they waste millions and trillions of dollars on selling advertising when there’s real needs that need to be addressed the only meat that can be addressed is one of their results and financial gain this will destroy our society my opinion only

  17. Fakebook will die of "big company disease" just like SGI & Sun. Enjoy it while it lasts.
    People getting very tired of being targeted ad Zombies. I predict a revolt against the AD world, they have always were weazels & remain a bunch of parasites. So whatever became of Don Draper ?


  19. This reminds me of that South Park episode where they built a town like this in the poor peoples side of town

  20. Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft exceed in GDP than even whole countries like Sweden, Saudi Arabia, Argentina, etc. Thats's impressive!

  21. Odd that there are that many millennials that don't mind working on ways to steal your information and misuse it.

  22. I love facebook so much that in order my facebook page to look best , I have visited hundreds of 5 star hotels both inside Turkey and overseas in European Union countries and cities. I continue to visit 5 star hotels and place photos of best views of 5 star hotels and restaurants to my facebook friends and schoold alumni friends. Also I have been taking photos of cities I have been visiting and placing on facebook all the time to be placed in Sweden's Northernmost City's Facebook Photo Vaults Compounds as archives.

  23. Is like having a screen to third heaven and showing to Spiritual Israel that you have hook to catch a fish in third heaven.

    Why would you want to catch a fish from 3rd heaven? So what you going to do with a fish?

    Yur answer:
    Perphaps bring it to first heaven than end up going with the fish in the second heaven.

    Wow so why don't you go to second heaven yourself directly you dont't need me.

    Now if you do not understand what 2nd heaven is read 


    1 Corintians 14:19

  24. If Tom really wanted to. He would be able to knock off Facebook quick. Tom has the money to do it. But i know with all the money he got from selling it, he's to busy traveling the world and doesn't wanna deal with headaches and stress.

  25. LOL "Rise of fake news.". That is what ALL news is, at LEAST sense the 1950's (  
    It is now so readily accepted that the US formally encouraged it with congressional legislation (!
    Now when the press refers to as "fake news" they are really referring to the truth (Remember your double speak from orwells 1984)!
    Government is only a tool of the powerful to exploit the less so.  It has always been this way and it always will be.  This is especially true, ironically, in a Republic or a Democracy.  Let me illustrated…

    Now this is not an argument for a Monarchy, but when Monarchs passed laws they knew, invariably, it would be THEIR stuff that would be damaged as a consequence if they passed oppressive laws.  

    In a republic legislators pay NO price for laws they pass.  This gives them incentive to use government's exploitive powers to a much more damaging degree then was able to be done in the past.

    You can clearly see this when the WORST case scenario for a modern politician is taken into account:  He/she does not get re-elected and so gets a lifetime pension + full health care + a book deal explaining how (Fill in the blank scape goat.) was to blame for the ill effects of their law and last, but certainly not least, at $200k-1 mil a year consulting gig for the corporation that used them to pass the law that screwed over the citizens to their benefit in the first place! 

    This will come as a shock to most people, especially socialists, but this is how the world works.  The powerful have always taken advantage of the less so.  It is neither good nor evil, it’s simply natures way.

    With all of this in mind the solution to all our problems with government is to become powerful!  Doesn't matter how you get that way be it by hook or by crook.  Once you are powerful than you can make the rules.

    If you’re looking for things that you personally can do to scale back the influence/wealth of the powerful (In the US, Russia, China or anywhere else.), AND at the same time increase your own, start with these 8 things:

    1) Save at LEAST 10% of all you earn.  If you are not saving at least that amount you are no better then a slave living for what your master gives you to eat. (Get yourself a free PDF copy of “The Richest Man in Babylon”:  Easiest book you’ll ever read on personal finance and is taught in parable so enjoyable to read as well.)

    2) Keep your uninvested money in physical form.  Either in Gold, Silver or, more pragmatically, physical currency (Remember in the most recent financial panics in the US (2008), Cyprus (2012), Greece (2015), etc. people were trying to get physical cash, not Gold or Silver.).  If you must use the banking system only use Credit Unions or Savings and Loans.  Keep only as much currency in it as you need for expenses over the course of a couple of weeks or a month tops (Business owners will need more because of tax and logistical reasons.).

    3) If you’re a wage slave paying down a lot of debt talk to an attorney about bankruptcy.  You are doing your patriotic duty by not repaying banks.  Fractional reserve banking is fraud so don’t lose a single nights sleep if you don’t repay another cent of it!   (

    4) Speaking of being a wage slave, if you’re getting a refund at the end of the year then you need to change your withholding status so you OWE at the end of the year.  Why give the government a free loan for a year while you are paying 100+% from a payday lender?!?!  Society trains you to be a slave, that doesn’t mean you actually have to be one!

    5) When possible use physical cash when you purchase things.  This helps by a) making it hard for the powerful to profile you and add you to their metadata. b) allows those so inclined to reduce the power of government by being “tax neutral”. c) supports the poor by making merchants obligated to accept cash through your free market choice to use currency, as opposed to governments tyrannically passing laws forcing merchants to accept it (

    6) Try keeping your patronage away from large entities,  i.e. don't use Google use or some other small search engine that does not have massive power and also tries not to keep personal search information.  You can easily switch out your tablet and cell phone search engines as well.  For an Apple product just go to “Settings”>Safari>Search Engine. As I always say, " Whenever you centralize power it always helps the powerful." And yes I realize the irony of saying this on a Google owned platform.  🙂

    7) Vote 3rd party, preferably one that pays lip service to freedom and liberty.  Your vote doesn't really count anyway so you might as well make the powerful pay more for the privilege of owning you by adding the number of parties that they have to bribe (Remember action 6 above.)! 

    8) Copy and paste this list to any future posts that you make on Youtube, or anywhere else for that matter.  The only thing better then you doing these things is getting OTHERS to do them as well.

    You can search the internet for other actions that you can take and if you have any  good ones feel free to let me know.  The first two are hands down the best an individual can do (Least effort and most effective.).

  26. Wow, it says "A Mark Zuckerberg Production" on the first version of the site even though he had friends help him.

  27. I live in Menlo Park- can confirm the offices are awesome, they host festivals in the parking lot, although the rest of Menlo Park is pretty great too
    Edit- what the hell do you mean the "Menlo Park" region of Palo Alto, they are entirely different cities

  28. a bunch of entitled liberals doing nothing except going through your personal information in between soy latte breaks.

  29. We just filmed an episode around the corner from Facebook’s HQ, this spot called Porta Blu. Definitely work visiting:

  30. I can't help but shake my head at all the Americans assuming FB would be obsolete in about 20 years, comparing it with MySpace etc. These commenters obviously haven't traveled to any of the African, Middle East, South Asian and South East Asian countries where Facebook and Whatsapp are literally synonymous with internet. As someone who has been inside the MP campus multiple times, I can tell Americans would have no idea how much R&D FB does for their markets in the rest of the world, the US is a very very tiny market for FB. There are still hundreds of millions of people who are yet to access the internet in the above mentioned areas of the earth and let me tell you, FB is just getting started

  31. What are they going to do about the traffic? That whole 84 stretch is ridiculous for the sheer volume of vehicles per day. Plus, the rent is pushing longtime residents out and making transit into the surrounding neighborhood unbearable…

  32. The downside: you'll be at work 24/7! "You load sixteen tons, what do you get?
    Another day older and deeper in debt.
    Saint Peter don't you call me 'cause I can't go
    I owe my soul to the company store…"

  33. That graphic compares two very different things, the proverbial apples to oranges. The GDP of a country is the total value spending that country does. The market capitalization is the total value of their outstanding shares oh, that is what others say that the company is worth. These two comparisons are utterly meaningless.

  34. I don't wish for the great earthquake…. but when it comes, I pray it happens late at night and it destroys this place with zero casualties. Lord do the world a favour….

  35. How can they afford to feed and dryclean all of its privileged staff? Because they make gazillions selling your identity.

  36. Open workplaces are a dying fad..and soon more private workplaces along with chosen open spaces. I cannot work with people walking and talking next to me. Boundaries and individual spaces are human basic behavioral nature.

  37. Mark Zuckerberg is a genius… I'm glad he made Facebook what it is today. I'm glad he built Facebook HQ. He's an amazing leader not because I have gained personally from him but because he made something out of Facebook and has created thousands, if not millions of millionaires and some billionaires. He has created so many opportunities. He's a living legend. Facebook and other social media are a part of our daily lives. Yeah I know he keeps working hard to make things better.

    To manage such a large company connecting the largest number of people on earth is superb… I celebrate him and I say thumbs up to you guys for making this content… It's wonderful and I love it over and over again… Thanks guys

  38. Much as I usually enjoy B1M's videos, anything with Facebook involved gets an instant thumbs down. Even though I know it has zero impact on the company…

  39. If any government deserves money from inheritances the soundest & safest investment should only be to the divinely controlled 2020 government of THE KINGDOM OF GOD. At least the whole world would benefit from Gods love, and those responsible for distributing it would be able to sleep soundly at night knowing it would never be used to harm or hurt anybody, it would be the most righteousness thing to do. Even The Lord God I'm sure would look favorably on the founders of his Kingdom of God on earth. A very sound and divine investment for all concerned.
    AS A GIFT l it will allow so much MORE. Thank you & bless you.

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