Hello, today we visit Loro Parque. One point is, that people ask me, why do I work in a zoo. They said to me: “If you love animals, why do you work in a zoo?” Well, modern zoos are not like zoos used to be. They’re not iron bars and prison cells like we saw in the very early years. These days, zoos are very modern education centers and they’re natural, they’re natural habitats and if you’re gonna work at a zoo, let’s hope that it’s a very good zoo. If you’re gonna work in a zoo, you make sure your zoo is the very best zoo and that’s why I’m here at Loro Parque because it is the best zoo in the world. This zoo has such an education program and an enrichment program and breeding programs that help us to research this animals because we’d never know what these birds are doing in the wild and it were very, very hard to understand, you know. Even from keas: How do they breed? Why do they breed? Do they breed with one or two partners? How many partners do they have? How many eggs do they have and what seasons do they breed? What really do they eat? What parrasites can they get? What bacterias can they get? Can we treat them? What can we treat them with? What preventive medicines can we use? What preventitive foods can we use? Same with the gorillas and the chimpanzees and, you know, we’re all about prevention here and preventive medicines or looking at foods and the diets and how we can prevent these animals from having perhaps liver problems, kidney problems or having kidney stones. We triple filter all of our water here, so, that the water is as pure as it can be without having salts and calciums that really could cause trouble for a lot of animals. Some people that work zoos will know this. We have a lot of trouble with big cats that don’t get enough taurine. Well, taurine is an amino acid. We need to give them meat with the skin on. Okay and people say: “You know, it’s horrible. Why are you feeding them meat?” Well, they eat meat in a wild. We can’t turn a lion into a vegetarian, you know? But people expect us to do this: “Oh, it’s very cruel that you feed them a whole chicken.” But they need to have a whole chicken. They need to eat the intestines from the cow or eat the meat with the skin on it or the whole head – without the brain obviously – but people need to know: these animals, in the wild, would eat this and they’ll eat, you know, let’s say once a week or maybe twice a week, if they can catch their prey. Well, here lions get fed five times a week, one day a week, we give them bones and then we’ll have a starve day for them. Twice a week we might be giving them some offals, some liver and some wang or some heart. We might be giving them the next day some testine or on the next day we might be giving them some rump with some skin on it, some hine, but they need the skin. They need the full, whole diet. It’s no good giving them frozen meat because this isn’t what they eat in the wild. So, in zoos, modern zoos, such as a Loro Parque, we’re trying to understand through these animals how to keep them alive and how to keep them better. As everyone knows, Mr. Kiessling has got animals and birds that he saved from being extinct through the awareness and education programs and it’s all through education. Without education and awareness, we haven’t got a hope and there’s so many species of animals and birds that are going extinct every week, you know – every day! You could point to a plant or to an animal that’s extinct because we’re making room for highways or making room for palm oil or something, you know, we’re fracking – we don’t know what we’re doing but at least in the zoos, we have these animals and they are in natural habitats and we can look after these animals as best we can. So, when people ask me, why do I work in zoos and why am I in Spain and why I’m not back in sunny New Zealand or Australia or somewhere else – well, you know, as I’ve said, I’ve the honor to be in the best zoo in the world with some of the best people around the world working with me and I’m very, very lucky to have a wonderful vet team and all of our curators and all of our research scientists, you know: we all talk, we’re all friends, and we all swap our information and we swap with institutions, we swap with other vets, we swap with other zoos, we talk with each other, and it’s amazing how much we learn each week. In many places, there so much goes on behind the scenes here and so much work that all our curators and our people are doing to make these birds have a happy life as if they’re sitting in their own home, in their own area, in their own habitat – as you can see with the ice, broccoli, melon, carrot and the bird play with this all day long. We’re very lucky here, if we have a nice cold winter. In cooler winters these guys breed very quickly and quite nicely, if it’s a little bit too warm, they don’t like the warmer months even though they have been born here but still, we have a breeding success rate but we’re learning: okay, they’re breeding in the colder seasons, they’re not breeding when it’s too hot. So, then we can give them cooler nest boxes or we can look at putting air conditioners in areas like with our penguins, in the whole penguinarium. I mean, you know, they’re 12 tons of snow getting made every day. It’s a big job that’s all their condition and sitting there for all these animals and all these birds is like in their natural habitats – as we talk about the king penguins and the chinstraps, you know, and the humboldts – they’re all sitting in this as if they’re sitting in Antarctica or they’re sitting in their own habitats at home. So, this is why I’m working at Loro Parque and this is why I work in zoos because the major zoos of the world are all looking this way. And it’s not about the dollar because people think: “Oh, you’re in the zoos and you’re all making lots of money from the customer walking through the door.” Well, let me tell you it’s very expensive to run a zoo and it’s very expensive to feed all these birds and all these animals and especially the orcas and the dolphins. You know, the tons of fish every week that they get fed, it just doesn’t drop out of the sky but we’re learning. We’re learning that they eat squid or they eat whiting. How much histamines are in there? How much peroxides are in there? We do all the testing of the vegetables to find out, there’s no pesticides. We don’t use pesticides here because we grow everything ourselves and we’re very, very careful about this but we can’t be too careful. So, we do test still because sometimes there might be a little bird that’s come by and done a little feces on something and there might be some bacteria that’s come in there or some sort of a fungus that’s come across from another animal or there might be a rat that’s come by to come and visit us or a little mouse. So, again, we have to have all of these programs underway and and looked at and attended to. So, it’s very, very interesting working in zoos and it’s very, very exciting to work with a zoo like Loro Parque because Mr. Kiesling has this vision of conservation and science and putting it all together so that we can study these animals and really understand what they’re about. So, it’s not a carnival, it’s not a circus, it’s not a sideline, it’s what we do. This is our lives and we work, most of us, 12-15 hour days because this is what we do. We enjoy it. Write your questions in the comment section below, please, don’t forget to give this video a thumb up. 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