10 Million Patents – U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Facebook Live
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10 Million Patents – U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Facebook Live


Hi, good evening. I’m Marietta Jelks with USAGov, and thanks
for joining us this evening. We’re broadcasting live for the National Inventors
Hall of Fame Museum in the U.S. Patent and Trademark office in Alexandria, Virginia. And we’re joined this evening by Linda Hosler,
the Deputy Program Director here at USPTO, and we wanted just to let you know that we
are going to take some questions later on during this broadcast. So if you have a question about [break] or
something we’ve said here sparks your interest or your curiosity, post your question in the
comment section and we’ll answer as many of them while we can while we’re here. So let’s just go ahead and get started. First, welcome Linda and thank you so much
for hosting us in this awesome space. Thank you so much. It’s a real pleasure to host USAGov here at
USPTO and we’re inside the National Inventors Hall of Fame Museum. There are so many exciting things going on
at USPTO right now, and we’ll get to that in just a minute. And that’s really why we’re here, of course. First, can you tell us about patents and trademarks,
just to get us started. Sure! So, patents and trademarks are types of intellectual
property protection, IP. Patents are something that we issue to inventors
to protect their invention. And this gives the inventor the exclusive
right to sell, make, or use their product. And a trademark is something that is registered
goals that are [break] associated with a product or a company. So there are a lot of different different
types of [break] You see patents and trademarks everywhere in your everyday life. And actually we have an example behind us,
not that you can see it, but here in the National Inventors Hall of Fame Museum there’s a display
of a Ford Mustang. It’s half of a ‘65 and half of a 2015
Mustang. It’s awesome, you guys. It’s so awesome. It’s a really cool exhibit. It really illustrates the power of IP protection. So you’re probably all familiar with the
Ford logo or the Mustang symbol. Those are examples of a trademark. And so no other car [break] with those symbols,
those registered trademarks on them. And then the patents would be a car. So those are the technologies that are associated
with the motor or the seatbelt or the steering wheel or any of the safety mechanisms. A lot of those technologies have patents associated
with them. Okay, awesome. And the USPTO is really proud of the fact
we’re helping inventors and innovators protector their IP and these inventors are everywhere. And actually, can you name some inventors? Now, my gosh, I’m on the spot. I know some inventors. So, Thomas Edison with the lightbulb, Garrett
Morgan with the traffic signal? Okay, Alexander Graham Bell with the phone. [break] Hedy Lamarr with the secret communication
system. So… off the top of my head. That’s really impressive. And Hedy Lamarr is one of my favorites too. Awesome story. It is, it is. And so I mentioned that we’re here in the
National Inventors Hall of Fame Museum. And here in this museum, we celebrate over
500 amazing inventors who have changed the world with their innovations. Oh, my gosh. That is amazing. That’s huge. So we want to talk a bit about, gosh, there’s
so many inventions. How do you all do all that? So, I mean, that USPTO is really, really busy. We issue a lot of patents and trademarks all
the time. Here in this museum, we are all about celebrating
those inventors. Well our team at USAGov actually came and
visited the museum earlier in the month. And they got a chance to take in all the exhibits
and learn about the innovators and inventors and especially the people who were inducted
into the Hall of Fame this year. They actually took some video of their time
here. So let’s take a look at that video. Hi, I’m Claire from USAGov. Welcome to our Facebook Live with the U.S.
Patent and Trademark Office or USPTO. To celebrate the 10 millionth patent this
summer. [Music] Welcome to the National Inventors
Hall of Fame and Museum here at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office headquarters in Alexandria,
Virginia. Join us for the next few minutes as we explore
the museum and all it has to offer. The museum highlights the world’s greatest
inventors as well as the importance of intellectual property, through displays and hands-on exhibits. This free museum provides a great look into
the still-growing history of patents in the U.S., and highlights the backbone of the 10
millionth patent celebration we are discussing today. To kick off our tour, let’s take a look at
some of the 2018 inductees into the Hall of Fame and the work that got them there. First off is Sumita Mitra. Curiosity and exploration, I think, are the
essential starting points of innovation. We have to be able to cultivate that in ourselves. And I especially try to do that in young children. That’s where it starts. I was homeschooled by my mother. And I had plenty of time to explore and observe
and basically to be curious about all of the different things around me. One of the earliest memories I have is visiting
my father in the woodworking factory. I was fascinated by the processes that they
would use it to scale up the materials. It instilled into me a desire to use science
that would be useful for people. I chose to come to the U.S., I started applying,
I got this opportunity to move to 3M’s dental products department. And I started basically exploring, trying
out different things across the campus. In our corporate labs, there was a group of
researchers who had just started some work in nanoparticles. And I contacted them and I said, I would really
like to incorporate nanoparticles into dental composites. And as it always happens in 3M, they said,
well, yeah, let’s give it a try. I used to say that the nanotechnology in the
Filtek Supreme nanocomposite gave us a product that incorporates lasting beauty and longevity. It’s important for adults as grown-ups to
give back what we have received. I am the product of what people gave me. I try to impress on young students that it
will give you satisfaction all your life to be doing something that is useful. But we have to give that opportunity to spark
their interest but one has to know how to learn. If you know how to learn, you can learn anything. Now, let’s learn about another 2018 inductee,
Stan Honey and his work in sports broadcasting. …out to the 44 yard line… There was almost no negative reaction. It was just widely acclaimed as being a useful
tool almost immediately. In part because it was keyed underneath the
athletes and so you really couldn’t argue that it was in the way. And in part because it was displaying something
that really was helpful. To see where the first down line was. I developed the early interest in navigation. And so there was lots of problems that I was
able to work on that were very consistent with the field of stuff that I was interested
in. And then it turns out that many of the projects
that I did after that, you know, E-Tech, vehicle navigation, even the graphic enhancements
for sports, all of these projects in some ways had to do with making measurements on
stuff, figuring out where it is, highlighting it, tracking it, and then in the case of sailing
navigation, figuring out the optimal course moving forward. So E-Tech was acquired in 1988. And it was during that period that I met David
Hill, who was then founding Fox Sports. And David had asked me to meet with him every
week or so when I was in L.A. And so on one of these lunches, I had worked out that it
was just barely technically possible to put a simple graphic and insert it into live video
of the real world and David said, if you could put a simple graphic in live video and keep
it correctly positioned, you could do something useful like putting a trail behind the hockey
puck? So the first guy I called up was Rick Cavallaro,
one of the engineers at E-Tech two years later, in 1996, we introduced it at the All-Star
Game. And technically, it worked very well. But it was a very controversial system. But it did lead to its offspring, which was
the first down line, which was far better received. And in the case of navigation you’re having
to decide where to sail today. And you have to decide how many extra miles
to invest today in order to position the boat to get to the finish the fastest. You’re having to deal with uncertain data. I think the same thing is true in business. Having had the opportunity to work with the
same group of folks that are capable of taking on projects of this difficulty, it’s just
been by far the richest part of my life. Next up is DNA pioneer Marvin Caruthers. I was always interested in science as far
back as I can remember. Remember in the third grade, my parents got
me the chemistry set for Christmas. And of course, I did all the experiments right
away. Then I decided I knew everything there was
to know about chemistry. Of course, I didn’t realize that that’s what
I was going to do with my life’s work and discover new things along the way. Well I grew up just outside Des Moines, Iowa. My parents had a family farm there. Two brothers and a sister, as siblings. Farm of 500 acres required a lot of attention,
and my parents could not have done it without our help. Having developed those values of hard work
and intensity and focus throughout childhood and in high school, did me well throughout
my career. I decided I’d go to Northwestern. That’s where I first picked up the idea of
working on Palmer supports with DNA chemistry. I tried to develop methods for DNA synthesis. After we developed this chemistry for DNA
synthesis, I had a large number of opportunities to become involved on the business side of
using this chemistry in order to develop new applications in the biological area. Our main contribution in those early days
was developing epogen and Neupogen. These are two products that had revolutionized
certain areas of medicine dramatically. My first wife had both of those when she was
fighting cancer about 11 years ago. It’s a lot of gratitude and excitement to
realize that you as an individual have fostered an area of research that has led to an enormous
amount of advancements in basic science or applied science. In my own case, if we hadn’t written up patents,
we would never have started applied Biosystems because they needed the protection to build
DNA synthesizers. I would be willing to say that without the
protection of intellectual property, the biotechnology revolution would never have occurred. You can’t these days explore new lands easily. There just aren’t any new lands to explore. These days, you explore other areas like science. Where you pitch your knowledge against that
realities of what nature has going for you. And you’re pushing the frontiers beyond
what anybody else has done before. [Music] This group has contributed to very different
walks of life and yet they are tied together by one thing. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. The museum not only highlights some of the
advances and great inventors today, but shares the history behind the agency. U.S. patents have their roots in the Constitution. The Congress shall have power to promote the
progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors
the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. The role of the patent is to protect inventors
from others making, using, selling, or importing their creation without their permission. Did you know the first patent office Commissioner,
William Thorton, persuaded British troops to spare the patent office in 1814, arguing
that the knowledge within was useful to all mankind? However, in 1836, the patent office caught
fire and many patent documents and models were destroyed. The patents lost in the fire are labeled X
patents and the search to recover them continues to this day. There are many famous patent holders, but
one stands out from the rest. Out of all the presidents in U.S. history,
Abraham Lincoln is the only one to receive a patent. His invention helped boats move over shoals
and obstructions in a river. In 1975, the patent office was renamed the
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Over the past two centuries, this agency has
granted patents to brilliant inventors who have changed the way we eat, walk, sleep,
and think. Are you thinking about getting a patent or
trademark to protect your intellectual property? Each year, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
receives more than 500,000 applications. Patenting an invention can be challenging,
but USPTO is here to help. Before you start the patent process, you must
find out: 1.) What type of intellectual property protection
do you need? Based on your intellectual property, find
out what type of legal protection you need: a patent, trademark, copyright, or other legal
protection. 2.) Learn if it’s really original. Does a patent already exist for your invention? To find out, USPTO strongly recommends that
you contact your state’s patent and trademark resource center to help you search for any
similar or duplicate patented inventions. 3.) What kind of patent do you need? Most patent applications are for a utility
patent. A utility patent protects any new and useful
process, machine, item that can be made, mixture of ingredients or new chemical compounds,
or any useful improvements. 4.) Do you have everything you need to apply? Before applying, be aware you will need to
do the following: pay application fees, have an actual working model or design on paper
of your useful invention, get a patent attorney or patent agent. USPTO strongly recommends using one. If you have limited resources, you may be
eligible for free attorney representation. Once you decide to apply for a patent, contact
the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office to begin the process. If you successfully patent your invention,
you will be in the company of some of the world’s greatest inventors and be part of
the millions of patent issues by USPTO. In fact, this summer, the U.S. Patent and
Trademark Office will be issuing its 10 millionth patent. And now, to learn more about this momentous
patent, and the 10 Million Patents campaign, let’s go live to Marietta Jelks and Linda
Hosler on the floor of the National Inventors Hall of Fame and Museum. [Music] If you’re just joining us, welcome. I’m Marietta with USAGov, and we’re broadcasting
live this evening from the National Inventors Hall of Fame Museum in the USPTO offices in
Alexandria, Virginia. And we are talking with Linda Hosler here. And she is sharing a lot of great information
with us about patents and trademarks and inventors. We just saw a great video about USAGov’s visit
to this great museum. And we will jump into talking about that a
little bit in a minute. But I want to let you know that we are going
to take some questions from you viewing out there. So if you have a question about the video
or some things that you’ve heard or seen during this event already, post it in the comment
section and we’ll try to answer it later on in the event. But talking about that video a little bit,
I had no clue that Abraham Lincoln had a patent, who knew? Who knew? It’s a really good factoid. He’s the only president to have a patent. And actually another presidential fact that
I really like is that George Washington signed the first couple of patents as the president. We didn’t have a Commissioner for patents. So at the time, the president would sign every
single patent. And the first patent was issued in 1790 to
Samuel Hopkins. He invented a way to produce potash and pearl
ash, which is actually an ingredient used in fertilizer. And [break] the USPTO just issued our patent
number 10 million. 10 million patents. Wow. That is amazing. 10 million patents have been executed in 228
years. That’s right. Oh, my gosh. It’s a long time. Think of all the innovation that has happened
to get up to 10 million. It’s amazing. That’s a lot. Wow. How are you all celebrating or commemorating? That’s a huge milestone. It’s so historic, too. 228 years. How is the USPTO commemorating this huge occasion? So we have a lot of things going on to help
celebrate this. So the first thing is over a year ago, our
brand manager decided to redesign the actual document that inventors received from the
USPTO. So patent covered [break] there have been
a lot of different designs over the years, and patent number 10 million received the
first of this new design. Oh, okay. I’ve seen some examples of the beauty that
happens and the work that goes into it. So I’m sure that person who gets the 10 millionth
is [break] and going forward. It’s a great piece of artwork. It represents the value of getting a patent. Absolutely. So in terms of us, the regular people, who
aren’t maybe inventors, how do we get to help commemorate all this creativity and celebrate
this huge milestone with the USPTO? Absolutely. So we have two different social media campaigns
that we are hoping people will get interested in and involved with. The first is called the real McCoy. [break] familiar with the phrase, you’ve
heard of the real McCoy. And it’s actually based on a real person. So Elijah J. McCoy was an engineer back in
the 19th century. And he worked at a train station in Detroit. And he realized there was a lot of inefficiency
at the time. Trains had to stop to get oiled. And he actually invented a device to help
lubricate the trains without having to stop. Oh. So it’s an amazing invention. And engineers at the time would want to make
sure that they were getting the real product when they were working on their trains. So they would ask for the real McCoy. They cared about counterfeiting like we care
about counterfeiting now. So what are you doing in relation with Mr.
McCoy? So we actually have our Elijah J. McCoy right
here as a cutout. And you can download this cutout at 10millionpatents.uspto.gov.
[break] those patented inventions in their everyday lives. So if you take a look at products around your
home, maybe your coffee machine or your child’s cookie machine or your child’s car seat, you’ll
probably see some patent numbers on them. So what we’re asking people to do is take
their cutout of Elijah and take a picture of Elijah and that patented thing and use
the hashtag the real McCoy. Awesome. So it’s fun and educational. I want to get a cutout of my friend, the real
McCoy, here, and I have some great patented things around my home. And I can post it on social media, right? Absolutely, yeah. Just use the hashtag. And actually I mentioned we have two social
media campaigns. So we have another one called 10 for 10 M.
For this one, we’re asking people or organizations to think about what the top 10 inventions
are in their field. Or something you’re interested in. So… I mentioned coffee earlier, like the top 10
patents in coffee. Or if you’re into makeup or sports. So think about the top 10 innovations that
have changed the way you think about something, and then use the hashtag 10 for 10 M. Wow. And you know you really don’t realize how
much innovation is in an area. I make jewelry sometimes. So all the different glass, for the different
tools that have been invented to actually do that thing. You just don’t even recognize that that’s
innovation, too, not just the end product. So it’s great. Absolutely. And we’re in USPTO’s offices in their buildings,
and for those who don’t know, it’s located in Old Town, Alexandria, which is a very historic
area of the country. Are there any things that the agency is doing
to incorporate or get the community involved in celebrating all this innovation and creativity? Absolutely. So we’re really lucky to have some partners
with local museums in the Alexandria are. We’ve actually worked together to create a
scavenger hunt that we’re hoping that families and [break] so all of these local museums
have created patent-related exhibits. Oh, really? And we’ve tied them all together with the
scavenger hunt. So if you visit the various museums here in
Alexandria, you can collect these inventor trading cards. Oh, wow. A different one in each museum. And, you know, the inventor trading cards
are examples of historic inventors, important inventors, throughout history. That is awesome. I’m ready to find a friend so I can go and
get these trading cards. Yeah, you know, check out the museums. It’s really for everyone to participate in. And there’s a lot of great information on
the back of those cards, too, about them and their inventions. Exactly. So you get to learn about the patent that’s
in the museum and on the inventor card, you can learn more about that inventor. That’s amazing. That’s great. That’s a great way to tie it all together. It is. Great. Well we have been getting some questions in,
Linda. Do you want to check and see what people asked
us? Sure. Okay! Okay. One of the questions is, does the owner of
the 10 millionth patent get anything special? No, it’s special, all patents are special. Inventors work very hard for them. But the inventor of patent number 10 million
didn’t get anything super special other than being the first to get this new patent cover
design. Okay. That’s a special thing. [break] part of this historic milestone. That makes sense. Where can someone go to learn more about the
patenting process or trademarking process? So our website is really the best place for
anyone to get started. Uspto.gov. You’ll find links to how to search for patents,
how to search for trademarks and learn more about that whole process. Okay. Another question that we received is, why
is the 10 millionth patent important? We’ve decided to [break] celebrate the 10
millionth patent because it’s really a way to mark this moment in time and in history. It’s a historic moment to have patent number
10 million issued. And take time to look back and see about the
history of American innovation and what has made this country so special. That’s a great point. I think this is something you touched on earlier,
but in case people joined later: what is the difference between a patent and a trademark? In a really broad sense. A trademark is something most people are familiar
with because they’ve seen logos for brands. Those are trademarks. [break] keeps people from using that symbol
or phrase. And then a patent is to protect the actual
technology. The actual invention. That makes sense. That is a very distinct difference. It is. If someone has an idea and not really sure
if a patent for it exists already, how do you conduct a research project or conduct
research on that? Yeah. So again, I direct people to [break] there’s
a link directly from our homepage to the patent search system. And that way, you can look up and see what
has been patented in this area before. Okay. Is there someone an inventor or potential
innovator can hire or call to get help? Is there a list of resources available? Sure. So there are patent attorneys who will help
you file your patent. If you are [break] independent inventor not
associated with a big organization, the USPTO has a pro bono program that will help you
link up with a lawyer who can help those with limited resources. Okay. Looks like our last question: how does patenting
something help protect you from [break] internationally? Is there? Yeah, so the USPTO works very closely with
other international IP offices. We actually have departments here at the USPTO
that work on international issues. So on our website again, I would recommend
people look up the international patent department here and they could help you learn more about
what it takes to be patented abroad. Awesome. You guys have a lot of great information on
that website. We do. Well we have gone through our questions and
we’ve covered a lot of information. I want thank you, Linda, first, for sharing
so much great information with us about patents and trademarks and intellectual property and
understanding this journey to 10 million patents is a huge ordeal. And so thanks so much for sharing all that
information with us as well as just all the things that USPTO is doing to celebrate all
this creativity and innovation in America for over 228 years, at least. And ways to celebrate it along with you, with
the real McCoy, hashtag, and the 10 for 10 M. Of innovations in this specific industry
or area. And there’s a great scavenger hunt here
in Alexandria with the trading cards. I’m glad that we got to learn about all these
different things that you all are doing. So thanks for taking time to share that with
us! Congratulations on this huge accomplishment
and best wishes for your next 10 million patents, how about that? Absolutely. And it’s not going to take 228 years at this
time. I don’t think so! People are really, really creating things. We wanted to thank you all for joining us
this evening. We hope that you’ve learned something and
enjoyed this time, and I know that there’s a lot to take in. So definitely encourage you to get more information
if something sparked your interest or really caught your eye. Definitely visit USPTO’s website: 10millionpatents.uspto.gov
website for more about [break] over time, or if you’re getting a patent or applying
for one, visiting uspto.gov in general to get that information as well, because a lot
of great information is in both places. And speaking of great information, I will
be remiss if I didn’t tell you to visit USA.gov. We have a lot of great valuable government
information for you from across federal and state and local governments. You can contact us online at USA.gov. Via our toll-free number, 1844 USAGov one. Or on social media at our handle, @USAGov
on Instagram, Twitter, Snapchat, and of course, Facebook. We thank you so much for joining us this evening,
and have a great night! Thank you!

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